How Long Will You Pay for College?
Student loans can help pay for college, just know that repaying those loans is a long-term financial commitment.
About the Activity
Student loans can help pay for college, but what about repaying those loans after graduation? This activity will help students compare potential income based on different career paths and get a sense of what it takes to pay for monthly living expenses – including repaying those student loans.
This is the final in a three-part series of activities about getting ready to pay for college.
Topic: College Readiness, Financial Literacy
Estimated Time: 45-60 minutes
Brought to you by TD Ameritrade
- Device with internet connection
- Access to a printer
- Calculator or computer/online spreadsheet program (like MS Excel or Google Sheets)
Before we start, think about the fact that most students use loans to pay for part of their college expenses. Those loans need to be paid back, and that process starts about six months after graduation or when you otherwise leave school. So, the income you earn from a job after college needs to pay for all your basic expenses (like rent, food, and transportation), but also for monthly loan repayments.
Not surprisingly, different careers pay different amounts. Depending on your career, you might have only a little money, or a lot, left over in your budget each month. Sometimes, but not always, what you study in college can influence what kind of job you might pursue. It pays to think about what you want to major in, and what kind of job you may get coming out of college, and farther down the road.
Okay, let’s get started.
Take a Career Interest Survey
What you study in college can influence your career path. Taking the time to complete a career interests survey can help you better understand what careers and college majors to consider. This Free Career Test for Students Online is free.
Did You Know? The top 3 most popular majors are business, nursing and psychology.
Find the Starting Salaries for a Career
- Download the worksheet and print three copies.
- Using results from the survey above, write down a possible career on each worksheet.
- Then, go to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and search for each job. Use the search box on the left side of the screen about halfway down if you can’t find your career on the first page.
- When you find the right job, click on it. Then, scroll down to “Percentile wage estimates” for the job.
- Find the estimated annual salary listed in the 10% column. This number is generally the starting salary for that career.
- For this activity, you want a monthly income, so take the estimated annual salaries you already found and divide by 12.
- Write each monthly salary on the corresponding worksheet.Did You Know? 7 in 10 college students graduate with nearly $30,000 in student loan?
Calculate Your Budgets
- Using the budgeting template, fill in monthly income and expenses. Ask a parent or another adult to help you estimate the cost of various items.
- For the purpose of the exercise, assume your monthly student loan debt after graduation is $300.
- Using a calculator or spreadsheet program, add up all those expenses in your budget worksheets to get a monthly total of expenses.Did You Know? The average student loan monthly payment is $393, according to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
Compare Your Budgets
Compare the three estimated starting salaries with the expenses in your monthly budget. What does your bottom line look like in each scenario?
Questions to deepen wonder and understanding
- Did the starting salaries you researched cover all your expenses including your monthly $300 student loan repayment? Did any fail to cover your budget?
- If you found a career that you think you are interested in pursuing, what would be an appropriate college major to consider?
- Do you think the amount of money you will pay for college will be worth your expected salary for your chosen career/major? Why or why not?
- Is financial compensation all that you should consider when choosing a career or major? What are other considerations?
Investigate and Explore
Take what you've learned to the next level to learn more and explore the possibilities.
You should choose a career that matches your interests and abilities, not one that will simply pay the bills – because you should enjoy what you do every day! But it is important to consider the types of careers you’re interested in and what those career prospects look like so that you can be realistic about your life after college in terms of how much money you will earn, how much you will owe, and the lifestyle you want to lead. There are a few things to consider.
Find a college offering the major: If this activity helped you find a major or two you might be interested in exploring further, that’s great! But how do you find a college that offers that major? You can search for colleges with top-ranked programs by major.
Jobs in the future: If you are unsure about a major or career, that’s okay! A lot of students begin college without declaring a major. In-demand careers in the future might be different than what is popular today. Here is a helpful article about future careers.
Budgets depend on where you live: The cost of living and lifestyle varies greatly in different parts of the country. For instance, $1000 a month might get you a tiny apartment in New York, but you could rent a whole house in Kansas. Likewise, you can do the same job in different parts of the country and earn different amounts. That is because the cost of living varies depending on where you live. If you know you want to live in a certain city after graduating college, you can use a cost of living calculator to learn more about costs there and what your monthly budget might look like.
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